The word gerrymander (originally written Gerry-mander) was used for the first time in the Boston Gazette on 26 March 1812. The word was created in reaction to a redrawing of Massachusetts state senate election districts under Governor Elbridge Gerry (pronounced /ˈɡɛri/; 1744–1814). In 1812, Governor Gerry signed a bill that redistricted Massachusetts to benefit his Democratic-Republican Party. When mapped, one of the contorted districts in the Boston area was said to resemble the shape of a salamander. Griffith, Elmer (1907). The Rise and Development of the Gerrymander. Chicago: Scott, Foresman and Co. pp. 72–73. OCLC 45790508 (wikipedia)
Interesting that the original gerrymandering was done by the Democratic-Republican Party! Few people know that they used to be one party, and were running against the Federalists.
Gerrymandering is the common practice of those who wish to protect incumbent and incompetent legislatures. Look at the map of Indiana District #46
The west boundary looks like it was drawn at a drunken New Year’s Eve party. Gerrymandering is anti-democratic and is designed to limit the power of citizens to change the status quo. Both parties do it. That is why we need a non-partisan commission to draw district boundaries. As your representative, I will support the creation of such a commission to put power in the hands of the citizens instead of party politicians. Thank you for your vote.
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